The following are relatively common mistakes that Canadians make annually when contributing to their Registered Retirement Savings Plans.
1. Reporting RRSP contributions based on a calendar year.
While your taxes are based on a calendar year, the reporting of your RRSP contributions extends 60 days into the New Year. Imagine, for RRSP purposes, that you have your own fiscal year that begins in early March or 60 days after January 1. RRSP receipts for the first 60 days of 2013 should be reported on your 2012 income tax return. Subsequent years should be treated the same.
If you have a group RRSP with your employer, you may not receive your final contribution receipt until the middle of March. Prior to topping up your RRSP contributions to maximize your deduction for 2012, ensure that you are considering all of the contributions made through payroll deduction in the first 60 days of 2013.
2. Leaving excess contributions on the table
It is easy to inadvertently contribute more to your RRSP limit by maximizing the contributions early in the calendar year. On the bottom of your Notice of Assessment in the previous tax year (2011) you will see the amount of unused RRSP contributions. Immediately below that line you will see the maximum amount you can deduct for 2012.
If your contributions exceed the amount allowable there is a 1 percent penalty per month, for over-contributions exceeding $2000.00. If this happens, you must complete a T1-OVP form to calculate the penalty.
3. Avoiding equities in today's volatile market
Stock markets have had two major downturns in the last 12 years or so and Canadians may be reluctant to invest in the equity investments. Even locking-in with the present low interest rates with a GIC (Guaranteed Investment Certificate) for your next RRSP contribution, the risk factors for your savings are still potentially exposed.
Even in a volatile economy, equities are an important component of a diversified portfolio.
4. Not knowing what to hold inside and outside an RRSP.
Keeping the above point in mind, there can be a different problem when equity funds are inside your RRSP and you are also holding fixed income securities outside the RRSP. Fixed income securities produce fully-taxable interest income unless they are held in an RRSP.
Capital gains and dividends from equity investments are expected. Each is more favourable than the taxation rate on interest income. Capital gains are half taxable outside an RRSP while they are fully taxable inside the RRSP once you eventually make withdrawals.
While tax considerations are prudent, they should not be the ultimate guiding force for what you hold in your RRSP portfolio. Your RRSP is your self-made pension and managing it correctly by maintaining a balanced mix of assets in your portfolio will produce greater benefits.
View the RRSP as only one component of your overall pension. Tax free savings accounts, RPP (Registered Pension Plan with your employer) and Government Pensions are all important factors to consider.
5. Waiting for the 'perfect time' to start a RRSP plan.
If procrastination was a successful investment strategy, nearly everyone would retire wealthy. Too many people put off investing for their retirement until the mortgage is paid off, the kids have graduated from college, or any number of reasons. There are always plenty of good excuses? not to pay yourself first?, because there are only so many dollars in our paycheques. The bottom line is: waiting for the perfect? time to begin investing for the future can put a serious dent in your retirement plans.
Consider two people who both make an investment of $45,000 (over several years) into their RRSP with an average annual return of 6 percent. The first investor deposits $1,500 per year into an RRSP starting at age 25 and continues until age 55. The second investor, realizing s/he is running out of time, doubles his/her savings to $3,000 per year beginning at age 40 through 55. When both investors reach age 55, the first person will have accumulated over $118,000 while the second person's RRSP balance will be less than $70,000. The lesson here is simple: anyone hoping to retire early and comfortable? must start a RRSP savings plan as early as possible.
Savvy investors know to take steps to maximize their return and to consider all the implications of their investment strategy. With retirement planning becoming more complex, investors cannot afford to leave money on the table. Contact your financial advisor to find out how to maximize your RRSP investment opportunities.